Chemistry in Context, 7th Edition, Table of Contents

Chapters

Chapter Content

Chapter 0 – Chemistry for a Sustainable Future

0.1 The Choices We Make Today

0.2 The Sustainable Practices We Need for Tomorrow

0.3 The Triple Bottom Line

0.4 Cradle-to-Where?

0.5 Your Ecological Footprint

0.6 Our Responsibilities as Citizens and Chemists

0.7 Back to the Blue Marble

Chapter 1 – The Air We Breathe

1.1 What’s in a Breath?

1.2 What Else Is in a Breath?

1.3 Air Pollutants and Risk Assessment

1.4 Air Quality and You

1.5 Where We Live: The Troposphere

1.6 Classifying Matter: Pure Substances, Elements, and Compounds

1.7 Atoms and Molecules

1.8 Names and Formulas: The Vocabulary of Chemistry

1.9 Chemical Change: The Role of Oxygen in Burning

1.10 Fire and Fuel: Air Quality and Burning Hydrocarbons

1.11 Air Pollutants: Direct Sources

1.12 Ozone: A Secondary Pollutant

1.13 The Inside Story of Air Quality

1.14 Back to the Breath – at the Molecular Level

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 2 – Protecting the Ozone Layer

2.1 Ozone: What and Where Is It?

2.2 Atomic Structure and Periodicity

2.3 Molecules and Models

2.4 Waves of Light

2.5 Radiation and Matter

2.6 The Oxygen-Ozone Screen

2.7 Biological Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation

2.8 Stratospheric Ozone Destruction: Global Observations and Causes

2.9 Chlorofluorocarbons: Properties, Uses, and Interactions with Ozone

2.10 The Antarctic Ozone Hole: A Closer Look

2.11 Responses to Global Concern

2.12 Replacements for CFCs

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 3 – The Chemistry of Global Climate Change

3.1 In the Greenhouse: Earth’s Energy Balance

3.2 Gathering Evidence: The Testimony of Time

3.3 Molecules: How They Shape Up

3.4 Vibrating Molecules and the Greenhouse Effect

3.5 The Carbon Cycle: Contributions from Nature and Humans

3.6 Quantitative Concepts: Mass

3.7 Quantitative Concepts: Molecules and Moles

3.8 Methane and Other Greenhouse Gases

3.9 How Warm Will the Planet Get?

3.10 The Consequences of Climate Change

3.11 What Can (or Should) We Do About Climate Change

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 4 – Energy from Combustion

4.1 Fossil Fuels and Electricity

4.2 Efficiency of Energy Transformation

4.3 The Chemistry of Coal

4.4 Petroleum

4.5 Measuring Energy Changes

4.6 Energy Changes at the Molecular Level

4.7 The Chemistry of Gasoline

4.8 New Uses for an Old Fuel

4.9 Biofuels I—Ethanol

4.10 Biofuels II—Biodiesel, Garbage, and Biogas

4.11 The Way Forward

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 5 – Water for Life

5.1 The Unique Properties of Water

5.2 The Role of Hydrogen Bonding

5.3 Water Use

5.4 Water Issues

5.5 Aqueous Solutions

5.6 A Close Look at Solutes

5.7 Names and Formulas of Ionic Compounds

5.8 The Ocean—An Aqueous Solution with Many Ions

5.9 Covalent Compounds and Their Solutions

5.10 Protecting Our Drinking Water: Federal Legislation

5.11 Water Treatment

5.12 Water Solutions for Global Challenges

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 6 – Neutralizing the Threat of Acid Rain

6.1 What is an Acid?

6.2 What is a Base?

6.3 Neutralization: Bases are Antacids

6.4 Introducing pH

6.5 Ocean Acidification

6.6 The Challenges of Measuring the pH of Rain

6.7 Sulfur Dioxide and the Combustion of Coal

6.8 Nitrogen Oxides and the Combustion of Gasoline

6.9 The Nitrogen Cycle

6.10 SO2 and NOx—How Do They Stack Up?

6.11 Acid Deposition and Its Effects on Materials

6.12 Acid Deposition, Haze, and Human Health

6.13 Damage to Lakes and Streams

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 7 – The Fires of Nuclear Fission

7.1 Nuclear Power Worldwide

7.2 How Fission Produces Energy

7.3 How Nuclear Reactors Produce Electricity

7.4 What is Radioactivity?

7.5 Looking Backward to Go Forward

7.6 Radioactivity and You

7.7 The Weapons Connection

7.8 Nuclear Time: The Half-Life

7.9 Nuclear Waste: Here Today, Here Tomorrow

7.10 Risks and Benefits of Nuclear Power

7.11 A Future for Nuclear Power

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 8 – Energy from Electron Transfer

8.1 Batteries, Galvanic Cells, and Electrons

8.2 Other Common Galvanic Cells

8.3 Battery Ingredients: Cradle-to-Cradle

8.4 Hybrid Vehicles

8.5 Fuel Cells: The Basics

8.6 Hydrogen for Fuel Cell Vehicles

8.7 Photovoltaic Cells: The Basics

8.8 Electricity from Renewable (Sustainable) Sources

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 9 – The World of Polymers and Plastics

9.1 Polymers: Long, Long Chains

9.2 Adding Up the Monomers

9.3 Polyethylene: A Closer Look

9.4 The “Big Six”: Theme and Variations

9.5 Condensing the Monomers

9.6 Polyamides: Natural and Nylon

9.7 Recycling: The Big Picture

9.8 Recycling Plastics: The Details

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 10 – Manipulating Molecules and Designing Drugs

10.1 A Classic Wonder Drug

10.2 The Study of Carbon-Containing Molecules

10.3 Functional Groups

10.4 How Aspirin Works: Function Follows Form

10.5 Modern Drug Design

10.6 Give These Molecules a Hand!

10.7 Steroids

10.8 Prescription, Generic, and Over-the-Counter Medicines

10.9 Herbal Medicine

10.10 Drugs of Abuse

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Chapter 11 – Nutrition: Food for Thought

11.1 Food and the Planet

11.2 You Are What You Eat

11.3 Fats and Oils

11.4 Fats, Oils, and Your Diet

11.5 Carbohydrates: Sweet and Starchy

11.6 How Sweet It Is: Sugars and Sugar Substitutes

11.7 Proteins: First Among Equals

11.8 Vitamins and Minerals: The Other Essentials

11.9 Energy from Food

11.10 Quality Versus Quantity: Dietary Advice

11.11 Eat Local? Eat Veggies?

11.12 Feeding a Hungry World

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Feeding a Hungry World

Chapter 12 – Genetic Engineering and the Molecules of Life

12.1 Stronger and Better Corn Plants?

12.2 A Chemical That Codes Life

12.3 The Double Helix of DNA

12.4 Cracking and the Chemical Code

12.5 Proteins: Form to Function

12.6 The Process of Genetic Engineering

12.7 Making Chemical Synthesis Green from Genetic Modification

12.8 The New Frankenstein

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Questions

Appendix 1 – Measure for Measure: Conversion Factors and Constants

Appendix 2– the Power of Exponents

Appendix 3 – Clearing the Logjam

Appendix 4 – Answers to Your Turn Questions Not Answered in the Text

Appendix 5 – Answers to Selected End-of-Chapter Questions Indicated in Color in the Text

Glossary

Credits

Index