Molecule of the Week


October 30, 2006

"Sugar” refers to a family of related chemical compounds that includes sucrose, the ordinary refined sugar found in Halloween candy. Sucrose is a disaccharide, or two-part molecule, formed by linking the monosaccharide sugars glucose and fructose. Honey–mostly a mixture of sucrose, glucose, and fructose–is formed when honeybees digest plant nectars using enzymes called invertases to break apart the sucrose molecules.