Critical Materials Shortages: Opportunity for Competitive Innovation

November 29, 2011, 12:00 -1:30 PM
SVC 209-08, Capitol Visitors Center

Summary

Critical materials are variously defined as natural resources that have both threatened supply availability and are a necessity for technology that is experiencing growing demand. “Rare earths”, or lanthanide elements on the periodic table (e.g. cerium, neodymium, europium, etc.), and other elements such as cobalt, indium, and tellurium have recently been identified as critical due to limited ore sources coupled to their necessity in advanced technologies such as magnets for defense applications, superalloys for high speed jet engine turbines, and photonic materials such as low-energy lighting phosphors and photovoltaics for energy production. To solve the current rare earths problems and prepare for future critical material issues, research into securing the supply chain, technological alternatives, and possibilities of recycling in-use material stocks is vital for the nation’s security, electronics-dependent sectors like medical instrumentation and information technology, and clean energy systems.

Honorary Host

Opening Remarks

Welcome

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Glenn Ruskin Director of the Office of Public Affairs American Chemical Society

http://web.2.c2.audiovideoweb.com/va92web25028/congressional_briefings/11-29-11/glen_ruskin.flv

Description: markudallportrait2_300dpiCredit: Sen. Udall’s office Senator Mark Udall(D-CO)

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Welcome

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Speakers

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Susan Morrissey Moderator Assistant Managing Editor Chemical & Engineering News Presentation Slides BioEmail

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Robert Jaffe Jane and Otto Morningstar Professor of Physics Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Presentation Slides BioEmail

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David Shuh Director, Principal Scientist, and Senior Scientist Glenn T. Seaborg Center, Lawrence Berkeleye National Laboratory (LBNL), Department of Energy Presentation Slides BioEmail

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Steven Duclos Chief Scientist General Electric Global Research Center Presentation Slides BioEmail

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Karl Gschneidner Anson Marston Distinguished Professor Iowa State University Senior Metallurgist Ames Laboratory, Department of Energy Presentation Slides BioEmail

http://web.2.c2.audiovideoweb.com/va92web25028/congressional_briefings/11-29-11/karl_gschneider_jr.flv

Related Content

American Physical Society / Materials Research Society

National Academies

  • Critical Minerals and Emerging Technologies, by Roderick G. Eggert. Issues (online, a publication of the National Academy of Science, the National Academy of Engineers, the Institute of Medicine, and the University of Texas at Dallas) 2010 Summer; http://www.issues.org/26.4/eggert.html.
  • The Role of Chemical Sciences in Finding Alternatives to Critical Resources Workshop, online presentations by various authors. Board on Chemical Sciences & Technology 2011; http://dels.nas.edu/global/bcst/critical-resources-workshop.

Chemical & Engineering News

Free Access Online Publications

Congressional Research Service

Department of Energy

United States Geological Survey

Peer-Reviewed Publications (requires subscription or single use payment for full article)

  • Criticality of Non-Fuel Minerals: A Review of Major Approaches and Analyses, by L. Erdmann and T.E. Graedel. Environmental Science & Technology 2011, 45 (18), 7620-7630; DOI 10.1021/es200563g.
  • Biological Applications of Rare-Earth Based Nanoparticles, by C. Bouzigues; T. Gacoin, A. Alexandrou. ACS Nano 2011, 5 (11), 8488-8505; DOI 10.1021/nn202378b.
  • Materials Availability Expands the Opportunity for Large-Scale Photovoltaics Deployment, by C. Wadia, A.P. Alivisatos, D.M. Kammen. Environmental Science & Technology 2009, 43(6), 2072-2077; DOI 10.1021/es8019534.
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Graph from USGS
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087‐02/