Turning E-Waste into Green
Brought to you by
ACS Science & the Congress Project
House Science and National Labs Caucus
Co-Chairs Rep. Randy Hultgren (R-IL) and Rep. Ben Ray LujÁn (D-NM)
The proliferation of relatively inexpensive electronics and their frequent consumer turnover has accelerated concern regarding “e-waste”. While much attention has gone to environmental ramifications, unconscious disposal also removes a valuable commodity from the domestic economy. Dismantling electronics can provide a feedstock for newer systems and/or manufacturers of products such as automotive parts. Refurbished systems extend job opportunities for skilled service technicians and provide less expensive means of school systems ensuring their students have access to information technology. However, to realize the short and long term economic benefits of e-reuse and e-recycling, issues of data security must be comprehensively settled. This panel will discuss how policy decisions on handling e-waste could improve the economy via environmental stewardship.
Marian Chertow, Ph.D., has been director of the industrial environmental management program at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies since 1991. Her research and teaching focus on industrial ecology, business/environment issues, waste management, and environmental technology innovation. Previously Dr. Chertow spent ten years in environmental business and state and local government including as President of the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority, charged with developing a billion dollar waste infrastructure for the state. On the editorial board of BioCycle Magazine and the Journal of Industrial Ecology, she was also a charter advisory board member of the Connecticut Clean Energy Fund. Dr. Chertow is an advisor to Soltage, Inc., start-up Red Ox Systems, and is a member of the External Advisory Board of the Center for Energy Efficiency and Sustainability at Ingersoll Rand. Dr. Chertow has testified on environmental issues before Congressional Committees. She is also appointed as faculty at the Yale School of Management and the National University of Singapore. Dr. Chertow was elected President for 2013-2014 of the International Society for Industrial Ecology. Holding a Ph.D. in Environmental Studies from Yale and an MPPM from the Yale School of Management, she was magna cum laude in her BA at Barnard College, Columbia University.
George Hinkle, is the president of ARCOA (Asset Recycling Company of America), and has been involved in the asset remarketing and electronics recycling industry for 13 years. ARCOA is an end of life electronics recycler and is part of the ARCOA Group. The Group operates facilities in Illinois, Maryland, Florida, California and Santiago, Chile. ARCOA Group provides services to customers that include de-manufacturing, materials reclamation, asset management and data destruction. ARCOA is R2 and ISO 14001 certified.
James “Jim” Lynch as Director of GreenTech at TechSoup Global promotes technology and practices that reduce the IT environmental impact and carbon footprint of nonprofits, NGOs, and libraries worldwide. Over a long career, he has been involved in creating all of TechSoup’s environmental programs. Mr. Lynch leads TechSoup Global’s work to develop the computer refurbishment and reuse field in the U.S. and internationally. He has also participated in the creation and refinement of standards for the U.S. electronics recycling industry. In cooperation with Microsoft, Mr. Lynch designed the Community Microsoft Authorized Refurbisher Program for the Americas, which distributes low-cost Windows and Office software to recyclers and refurbishers. In 2005 he also started TechSoup’s Refurbished Computer Initiative, which supplies low-cost warrantied refurbished computers to U.S. nonprofits and libraries. Mr. Lynch’s interest in computer recycling and nonprofit social enterprise began when he created and ran homeless education programs and computer training labs in the 1980s. He has provided testimony on the humanitarian portion of the field to the U.S International Trade Commission and been interviewed on issues related to computer recycling by the Wall Street Journal, National Public Radio, PC World Magazine, and other outlets. Mr. Lynch holds a B.A. in History from Arizona State University.
Willie Cade is founder and CEO of PCRR, which was chosen by Microsoft as of the first Community Microsoft Authorized Refurbisher in the US. Mr. Cade was an R2 Stakeholder, Partnership on Computing Equipment (P.A.C.E) stakeholder and Co-Chair of Environmentally Sound Testing, Refurbishment and Repair of Used Computing Equipment of the Basel Convention for the UN Environmental Program, and Vice Chair of the Reuse and Refurbishment Committee of the Electronics Division for the Institute for Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI). He has also been Adjunct Faculty, University of Illinois Urbana/Champaign, and Expert Lecturer to the NVMP-StEP (Association for the Disposal of Metal and Electrotechnical Products – Solving the E-waste Problem) E-waste Summer School 2010 "Barriers to PC Reuse" as well as a Principal Researcher for STeP's Reuse Data Set Project. Mr. Cade is a Worldwide supplier and trainer of Microsoft's Refurbisher Preinstall Kit. He has provided testimony before the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee in the 111th Congress.
Center for Industrial Ecology, Yale University
International Society for Industrial Ecology
PC Rebuilders & Recyclers (PCRR)
Golisano Institute for Sustainability, Rochester Institute of Technology
United States International Trade Commission (USITC)
- Used Electronic Products: An Examination of U.S. Exports. Feb 2013; Investigation No. 332-528; USITC Publication 4379; www.usitc.gov/publications/332/pub4379.pdf
Congressional Research Service
- Managing Electronic Waste: Issues with Exporting E-Waste, by L. Luther. September 27, 2010; www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40850.pdf
Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. (ISRI)
- Inside the U.S. Electronics Recycling Industry by D. Daoud. IDC Sep 2011 1 (#229786); available via http://bit.ly/YSBb7q
- ISRI Scrap Yearbook 2012; http://bit.ly/Y6IEN3
Environmental Protection Agency
- National Strategy for Electronics Stewardship by Interagency Task Force on Electronics Stewardship. Jul 2011; www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/taskforce/docs/strategy.pdf
- Electronics Waste Management in the United States Through 2009, U.S. EPA Office of Resource Conservation and Recovery, prepared by ICF International. U.S. EPA May 2011 EPA 530-R-11-002; http://www.epa.gov/wastes/conserve/materials/ecycling/docs/fullbaselinereport2011.pdf
- eCycling Resources www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/materials/ecycling/pubs.htm
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
- Recyling – From E-waste to Resources by M. Schluep; C. Hagelueken; R. Kuehr; F. Magalini; C. Maurer; C. Meskers; E. Mueller; F. Wang. United Nations University & UNEP (Sustainable Innovation and Technology Transfer Industrial Sector Studies) Jul 2009; www.greenbiz.com/sites/default/files/unep-ewaste-reoprt.pdf
- Solving the E-waste Problem (StEP) www.step-initiative.org/
Campaign for Recycling
National Center for Electronics Recycling (NCER)
- Database of state e-waste laws (CA, CT, HI, IL, IN, ME, MD, MI, MN, MO, NJ, NY, NC, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI) and states with disposal bans but no e-waste law (AR, MA, NH, federal [US EPA]) www.electronicsrecycling.org/public/ContentPage.aspx?pageid=14
Coalition for American Electronics Recycling (CAER)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Publications of the American Chemical Society (free access where indicated)
Chemical & Engineering News
- Electronic Waste Transformation by C. Hogue. Chem. Eng. News 2012 90 (14) 23; http://cen.acs.org/articles/90/i14/Electronic-Waste-Transformation.html
- Taking It Back by M.M. Bomgardner. Chem. Eng. News 2011 89 (31) 13-18; http://cen.acs.org/articles/89/i31/Taking-Back.html
Environmental Science & Technology
- E-Waste Recycling: Where Does It Go from Here? By K. Zhang; J.L. Schnoor; E.Y. Zeng. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2012 46 (20) 10861-10867; http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/es303166s [ongoing free access]