Dr. Karen L. Howard has a Ph.D. in Environmental Chemistry and an M.S. in Analytical Chemistry. She enjoyed a 12-year career as a high school chemistry and biology teacher before joining GAO in 2007. Initially she worked as an analyst in GAO’s Health Care team, examining federal management of public health issues, drug pricing across federal programs, and FDA’s drug and medical device approval processes. In 2014, Dr. Howard transferred to a physical scientist position and now serves as an assistant director in GAO’s new Science, Technology Assessment, and Analytics team, where she leads and supports a broad portfolio of work at the nexus of science, technology, and policy. In that role she has worked on a variety of issues including sustainable chemistry technologies, ocean acidification, federal management of toxic chemicals, water quality challenges, technologies to address water scarcity, the impact of climate change on marine fisheries, and applications of artificial intelligence in health care.