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Vijay K. Kapur

Vijay K. Kapur is the retired CEO of International Solar Electric Technology (ISET), which operated in Los Angeles for 27 years, developing and patenting low-cost photovoltaic technologies as alternatives to silicon solar cells. Kapur and his ISET team developed a cost-effective technology for manufacturing thin-film copper-indium-gallium-selenide solar cells using printing or spraying techniques. Although ISET closed after Kapur retired, its concepts and accomplishments have influenced other solar companies worldwide.

Before cofounding ISET, Kapur was the director of applied research at ARCO Solar in Los Angeles. There he was involved in starting a silicon solar cell–manufacturing facility and directing R&D on thin-film PV technologies, testing on batteries suitable for PV systems, and development of nickel-hydrogen batteries for terrestrial applications. Earlier, Kapur worked at SRI International, where he developed a process to manufacture low-cost, high-purity silicon for solar cells using a by-product of the phosphate fertilizer industry.

Kapur has been honored with 5 innovation awards from NASA and 1 special innovation award from ARCO Solar, and he holds 10 issued patents. He has published more than 50 scientific papers and reports, coedited 4 symposia proceedings on photovoltaic technology for the Electrochemical Society (ECS), served a term as chair of the Energy Technology Group of the ECS, and served on the editorial board of the Journal of the Electrochemical Society.

During his professional career Kapur was a member of the American Chemical Society for over 30 years. He received a PhD in physical inorganic chemistry from the University of Pennsylvania and an executive MBA from the University of California, Los Angeles.