Dr. William Carroll, Jr. holds a Ph.D. from Indiana University where he is currently an Adjunct Professor of Chemistry. He recently retired as Vice President of Industry Issues for Occidental Chemical Corporation. He recently retired after 37 years in the chemical industry and now heads his own company, Carroll Applied Science. Bill is a Past President (2005) and Chair of the Board (2012-14) of ACS, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, and member of a number of committees for the National Research Council. In 2009, he was chair of the Council of Scientific Society Presidents. On behalf of OxyChem he has chaired numerous committees for industry associations, including the American Chemistry Council and has served on expert groups commissioned by the United Nations Environment Programme. He holds two patents, and has more than 70 publications in the fields of organic electrochemistry, polymer chemistry, combustion chemistry, incineration and plastics recycling.