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Basic Laboratory Glassware and Equipment

This page details common laboratory equipment and their appropriate use. Knowing the proper use will help ensure safe laboratory practices.

electronic balance


Used for measuring mass.



Used to hold, mix, and heat liquids.

beaker tongs

Beaker Tongs

Used to pick up beakers.

bunsen burner

Bunsen Burner

Frequently used as a heat source in the absence of flammable materials.



Used for dispensing an accurate volume of a liquid.

clay triangle

Clay Triangle

Used to support a crucible during heating.



Used for holding chemicals during heating to very high temperatures.

crucible tongs

Crucible Tongs

Used to hold crucibles.

erlenmeyer flask

Erlenmeyer Flask

Used to hold and mix chemicals. The small neck is to facilitate mixing without spilling.

evaporating dish

Evaporating Dish

Used to heat liquids for evaporation.



Used to pick up or hold small objects.



Used to transfer liquids or fine-grained materials into containers with small openings. Also used for filtration.

graduated cylinder

Graduated Cylinder

Used to measure a precise volume of a liquid.

mortar and pestle

Mortar and Pestle

Used to crush and grind materials.

pipet bulb

Pipet Bulb

Used to draw liquids into a pipe.

ring clamp

Ring Clamp

Used with a ring stand to hold glassware, such as a beaker or a funnel.

ring stand

Ring Stand

Used to hold or clamp laboratory glassware and other equipment in place, so it does not fall down or come apart.



Used to transfer solids.



Used to light a Bunsen burner.

stirring rod

Stirring Rod

Used for stirring and mixing.

test tube

Test Tube

Used to hold and mix liquids.

test tube clamp

Test Tube Clamp

Used to hold a test tube, particularly when hot.

test tube rack

Test Tube Rack

Used to hold several test tubes at one time.

alcohol thermometer

Thermometer (digital or alcohol, not mercury)

Used to measure temperature in Celsius.

utility clamp

Utility Clamp

Used to secure glassware to a ring stand.

volumetric flask

Volumetric Flask

Used to prepare solutions to an accurate volume.

Volumetric Pipet

Volumetric Pipet

Used to measure small amounts of liquid very accurately. Never pipet by mouth! Use pipetting aids.

wash bottle

Wash Bottle

Used to rinse pieces of glassware and to add small quantities of water.

watch glass

Watch Glass

Used to hold solids while they are being weighed or to cover a beaker.

wire gauze

Wire Gauze

Used to support a container, such as a beaker, on a ring stand while it is being heated. May have a fiberglass or ceramic center.


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