Author: Joseph D.Ciparick
Chemistry Connections: Periodicity, Biography/History
Description: Reviews history of Mendeleev and his successes in organizing elements into today’s periodic table, including his predictions of missing elements. Presents other hypotheses that Mendeleev had that were flat-out wrong, including the existence of a mystical element X, lighter than hydrogen, and his refusal to accept the idea of the electron as a part of the atom.
Author: Michael McClure
Chemistry Connections: Atomic theory, History/Biography, Nuclear, Periodicity
Description: Relates the history of discovering/explaining various nuclear reactions (fusion, radioactivity, fission, transmutation). Working with transuranium elements, Seaborg proposed actinide series.
Author: Gary Katz
Chemistry Connections: Periodicity
Description: Describes several different forms of the periodic table, including the traditional table, Eric Scerri’s long form of the table, the Periodic Spiral table, the artistic Chemical Galaxy table, and a three-dimensional version of the periodic table. Discusses the flaws and weaknesses of the traditional periodic table and the benefits of each new version. Briefly mentions the history of the three-dimensional version.
Author: Carolyn Ruth
Chemistry Connections: Atomic theory, Nuclear, Periodicity, Reactions
Description: Describes the various processes for producing the various elements in stars of various types. Fusion, fission and “r” reactions detailed. Spectroscopy used to identify the elements in stars and gaseous clouds.
Author: Mark Michalovic
Chemistry Connections: History/Biography, Periodicity, Reactions, Solutions
Description: Relates the history behind two competitive chemical pioneers, Davy and Gay-Lussac, their simultaneous investigation to determine the chemical composition of a purple substance isolated from seaweed. Both chemists determine it is the element iodine, not a chlorine compound.
Author: Brian Rohrig
Chemistry Connections: Atomic Theory, Bonding, Metals/Nonmetals, Periodicity
Description: Begins with a very brief description of film photography and its chemistry. Then describes the role of “n” and “p” type semiconductors to form diodes, photosites or pixels, in the digital camera sensor. Also discusses differences between black and white and color sensors. Then it discusses inkjet vs. laser printing processes, focusing on charge differences to transfer the image or text.