Chemistry in Context, 9th Edition

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 — Portable Electronics: The Periodic Table in the Palm of Your Hand

1.1 What's the Matter with Materials? A Survey of the Periodic Table

1.2 Atomic Legos—Atoms as Building Blocks for Matter

1.3 Compounding the Complexity—From Elements to Compounds

1.4 What Makes Atoms Tick? Atomic Structure

1.5 One-Touch Surfing: How Do Touchscreens Work?

1.6 A Look at the Elements in Their Natural States

1.7 Chemical Rock-'n-Roll: How Do We Obtain Pure Metals From Complex Rocks?

1.8 Your Cell Phone Started with a Day at the Beach: From Sand to Silicon

1.9 More Fun at the Beach: From Sand to Glass

1.10 From Cradle to Grave: The Life Cycle of a  Cell Phone

1.11 Howdy Neighbor, May We Borrow a Few Metals? The Importance of Recycling and Protecting Our Supply Chain


Learning Outcomes


Chapter 1 picture of a girl using a cell phone

Chapter 2 — The Air We Breathe

2.1 Why Do We Breathe?

2.2 Defining the Invisible: What Is Air?

2.3 You Are What You Breathe

2.4 What Else Is in the Air?

2.5 Home Sweet Home: The Troposphere

2.6 I Can "See" You! Visualizing the Particles in the Air

2.7 A Chemical Meet & Greet—Naming Molecular Compounds

2.8 The Dangerous Few: A Look at Air Pollutants

2.9 Are You Feeling Lucky? Assessing the Risk of Air Pollutants

2.10 Is It Safe to Leave My House? Air Quality Monitoring and Reporting

2.11 The Origin of Pollutants: Who's to Blame?

2.12 More Oxygen, Please: The Effect of Combustion on Air Quality

2.13 Air Pollutants: Direct Sources

2.14 Ozone: A Secondary Pollutant

2.15 Are We Really Safe from Polluted Air by Staying Indoors?

2.16 Is There a Sustainable Way Forward?


Learning Outcomes


Chapter 2 picture of a blue sky with a cloud over the ocean
Tiago Fioreze

Chapter 3 — Radiation from the Sun

3.1 Dissection the Sun: The Electromagnetic Spectrum

3.2 The Personalities of Radiation

3.3 The ABCs of Ultraviolet Radiation

3.4 The Biological Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation

3.5 The Atmosphere as Natural Protection

3.6 Counting Molecules: How Can We Measure the Ozone Concentration?

3.7 How Does Ozone Decompose in UV Light?

3.8 How Safe Is Our Protective Ozone Layer?

3.9 Chemistry to the Rescue Detriment? Human Roles in the Destruction of the Ozone Layer

3.10 The Antarctic Ozone Hole: A Closer Look

3.11 Responses to a Global Concern


Learning Outcomes


Chapter 3 picture of a man applying sunblock

Chapter 4 — Climate Change

4.1 Carbon, Carbon Everywhere!

4.2 Where Did All the Carbon Atoms Go?

4.3 Quantifying Carbon—First Stop: Mass

4.4 Quantifying Carbon—Next Stop: Molecules and Moles

4.5 Why Does It Matter Where Carbon Atoms End Up?

4.6 Warming by Greenhouse Gases: Good, Bad, or a Little of Both?

4.7 How Do You Recognize a "Greenhouse Gas"?

4.8 How Do Greenhouse Gases Work?

4.9 How Can We Learn from Our Past?

4.10 Can We Predict the Future?

4.11 A Look at Our Future World

4.12 Action Plans to Prevent Future Global Catastrophes—Who and How?


Learning Outcomes


Chater 4 temperature map from NASA

Chapter 5 — Energy from Combustion

5.1 Fossil Fuels: A Prehistoric Fill-Up at the Gas Station

5.2 Burn, Baby! Burn! The Process of Combustion

5.3 What Is "Energy"?

5.4 How Hot Is "Hot"? Measuring Energy Changes

5.5 Hyperactive Fuels: How Is Energy Released during Combustion?

5.6 Fossil Fuels and Electricity

5.7 How Efficient Is a Power Plant?

5.8 Power from Ancient Plants: Coal

5.9 From Steam Engines to Sports Cars: The Shift from Coal to Oil

5.10 Squeezing Oil from Rock: How Long Can This Continue?

5.11 Natural Gas: A "Clean" Fossil Fuel?

5.12 Cracking the Whip: How Do We Obtain Useful Petroleum Products from Crude Oil?

5.13 What's in Gasoline?

5.14 New Uses for an Old Fuel

5.15 From Brewery to Fuel Tank: Ethanol

5.16 From Deep Fryer to Fuel Tank: Biofuels

5.17 Are Biofuels Really Sustainable?


Learning Outcomes


chapter 5 picture of fire

Chapter 6 – Energy from Alternative Sources

6.1 From Nuclear Energy to Bombs: The Splitting of Atomic Nuclei

6.2 Harnessing a Nuclear Fission Reaction: How Nuclear Power Plants Produce Electricity

6.3 What is Radioactivity?

6.4 How Long Do Substances Remain Radioactive?

6.5 What Are the Risks of Nuclear Power?

6.6 Is There a Future for Nuclear Power?

6.7 Solar Power: Electricity from the Sun

6.8 Solar Energy: Electronic "Pinball" Inside a Crystal

6.9 Beyond Solar: Electricity from Other Renewable (Sustainable) Sources


Learning Outcomes


chapter 6 picture of windmills
Mount Airy Films/

Chapter 7 – Energy Storage

7.1 How Does a Battery Work?

7.2 Ohm, Sweet Ohm!

7.3 Batteries, Batteries Everywhere!

7.4 (Almost) Endless Power-on-the-Go: Rechargeable Batteries

7.5 Lead-Acid: The World's Most Widely Used (and Heaviest) Rechargeable Batteries

7.6 Vehicles Powered by Electricity

7.7 Storage Wars: Supercapacitors vs. Batteries

7.8 Higher MPGs with Less Emissions: Gasoline-Electric Hybrid Vehicles

7.9 Fuel Cells: The Basics

7.10 Hydrogen for Fuel Cell Vehicles

7.11 My Battery Died--Now What?


Learning Objectives


Chaptr 7 picture of a battery
Shaddack via Wikimedia

Chapter 8 – Water Everywhere: A Most Precious Resource

8.1 Solids and Liquids and Gases, Oh My!

8.2 The Unique Composition of Water

8.3 The Key Role of Hydrogen Bonding

8.4 Where, Oh Where Is All the Water?

8.5 Help! There Is Something in My Water

8.6 How Much Is OK? Quantifying Water Quality

8.7 A Deeper Look at Solutes

8.8 Corrosive and Caustic: The Properties and Impacts of Acids and Bases

8.9 Heartburn? Tums to the Rescue: Acid/Base Neutralization!

8.10 Quantifying Acidity/Basicity: the pH Scale

8.11 Acid's Effect on Water

8.12 Treating Our Water

8.13 Water Solutions for Global Challenges


Learning Outcomes


chapter 8 picture of the ocean at sunset

Chapter 9 – The World of Polymers and Plastics

9.1 Polymers Here, There, and Everywhere

9.2 Polymers: Long, Long Chains

9.3 Adding Up the Monomers

9.4 Got Polyethylene?

9.5 The "Big Six": Theme and Variations

9.6 Cross-Linking Monomers

9.7 From Proteins to Stockings: Polyamides

9.8 Dealing with Our Solid Waste: The Four Rs

9.9 Recycling Plastics: The Bigger Picture

9.10 From Plants to Plastics

9.11 A New "Normal"?


Learning Outcomes


chapter 9 picture of a plastic bottles

Chapter 10 – Brewing and Chewing

10.1 What's in a Mouthful? The Science of Taste

10.2 How Does Smell Affect Taste?

10.3 The Kitchen Laboratory

10.4 The Science of Recipes

10.5 Kitchen Instrumentation: Flames, Pans, and Water

10.6 Cooking in a Vacuum: Not Just for Astronauts!

10.7 Microwave Cooking: Fast and Easy

10.8 Cooking with Chemistry: No-Heat Food Preparation

10.9 How Can I Tell When My Food Is Ready?

10.10 Exploiting the Three States of Matter in Our Kitchen

10.11 The Baker's and Brewer's Friend: Fermentation

10.12 From Moonshine to Sophisticated Liqueurs: Distillation

10.13 Extraction: Coffees and Teas


Learning Outcomes


chapter 10 picture of a people eating

Chapter 11 – Nutrition

11.1 You Are What You Eat

11.2 From Buttery Popcorn to Cheesecake: Lipids

11.3 Fats and Oils: Not Necessarily a Bad Thing!

11.4 Carbohydrates: The Sweet and Starchy

11.5 How Sweet It Is: Sugars and Sugar Substitutes

11.6 Proteins: First Among Equals

11.7 Vitamins and Minerals: The Other Essentials

11.8 Food for Energy

11.9 Food Safety: What Else Is in Our Food?

11.10 The Real Costs of Food Production

11.11 From Field to Fork I: The Carbon Footprint of Foods

11.12 From Field to Fork II: The Nitrogen Footprint of Foods

11.13 Food Security: Feeding a Hungry World


Learning Outcomes


chapter 11 picture of a plate of food

Chapter 12 – Health & Medicine

12.1 A Life Spent Fighting Against Equilibrium

12.2 Keeping Our Bodies in Equilibrium

12.3 Carbon: The Essential Building Block of Life

12.4 Functional Groups

12.5 Give These Molecules a Hand!

12.6 Life via Protein Function

12.7 Life Driven by Noncovalent Interactions

12.8 Steroids: Essential Regulators for Life (and Performance Manipulators!)

12.9 Modern Drug Discovery

12.10 New Drugs, New Methods


Learning Outcomes


chapter 12 picture of a medication
Stock Footage, Inc./Getty Images

Chapter 13 – Genes and Life

13.1 A Route to Synthetic Insulin

13.2 DNA: A Chemical that Codes Life

13.3 The Double Helix Structure of DNA

13.4 Cracking the Chemical Code

13.5 Proteins: Form to Function

13.6 The Process of Genetic Engineering

13.7 Better Chemistry Through Genetic Engineering

13.8 The Great GMO Debate


Learning Outcomes


chapter 13 rendition of DNA

Chapter 14 – Who Killed Dr. Thompson? A Forensic Mystery

Friday, Aug. 1–7:08 pm: A Relaxing Evening Interrupted

Sovlent Stills: An Effective but Dangerous Way to Purify Solvents

Friday, Aug. 1–10:13 pm: The Aftermath

Saturday, Aug. 2–8:05 am: Accidental or Deliberate?

Fire Modeling

Behind-the-Scenes at the Crime Lab

Wednesday, Aug. 13–1:03 pm: Access to the Lab Restored

Wednesday, Aug. 13–9:57 pm: What Now?

Thursday, Aug. 14–5:42 am: A Gruesome Discovery

Behind-the-Scenes at the Crime Lab

Friday, Aug. 22–9:03 am: The Questioning of Julie Thompson

Monday, Aug. 25–8:31 am: The Questioning of Dr. Littleton

Tuesday, Aug. 26–2:05 pm: Road Trip to Atlanta

Back in the Crime Lab

Charge: Murder-1!



chapter 14 picture of a fingerprint
Johan Swanepoel/