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Week 20

Week 20: May 14 – 20 (Archive)

May 14

  • Edward Jenner inoculated a boy with cowpox virus in 1796.

May 15

  • Pierre Curie, born 1859, discovered phenomenon of piezoelectricity; in 1898, codiscovered polonium (Po, 84) and radium (Ra, 88); Nobel Prize in Physics (1903)

May 16

  • Nicolas-Louis Vauquelin, born 1763; in 1797, discovered chromium (Cr, 24); in 1798, discovered beryllium (Be, 4).

May 17

  • Joseph N. Lockyer, born 1836, codiscovered helium (He, 2) in the sun (1868).
  • Odd Hassel, born 1897, researched molecular structure of cyclohexane and derivatives, charge-transfer compounds, and rules for geometry of charge-transfer compounds; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1969).

May 18

  • Thomas Midgley, Jr., born 1889, introduced tetraethyllead as an antiknock agent; researched organic chlorofluorides as refrigerants.
  • Dow Chemical Co. incorporated in 1897.
  • Vincent du Vigneaud, born 1901, studied sulfur containing proteins including insulin; researched transmethylation and metabolism of single carbon compounds; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1955).

May 19

  • John J. Abel, born 1857, "Father of American pharmacology"; isolated epinephrine (adrenaline).
  • Max F. Perutz, born 1914, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1962).
  • Ralph Landau, born 1916, cofounded Scientific Design (1946); led in development of terephthalic acid process in polyester manufacture and propylene oxide process.

May 20

  • Eduard Buchner, born 1860, discovered alcoholic fermentation without yeast cells (1896) and zymase (1897); invented Buchner funnel; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1907).
  • Hans Meerwein, born 1879, researched oxonium ions and Wagner-Meerwein rearrangements.
  • Francis O. Rice, born 1890, researched free radicals.
  • Occidental Petroleum incorporated in 1920.