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Week 21

Week 21: May 21 – 27 (Archive)

May 21

May 22

  • Herbert C. Brown, born 1912, researcher in organoboron and carbocation chemistry; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1979).
  • George A. Olah, born 1927, researcher in carbocations and their role in chemical reactions of hydrocarbons; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1994).

May 23

  • Edgar Fahs Smith, born 1854, researcher in electrochemistry and history of chemistry; three times President of American Chemical Society.

May 24

  • John Mayow, born in 1640, discovered air contained two gases, one supported life and combustion, spiritus nitro-aerous (oxygen).
  • Gabriel D. Fahrenheit, born 1686; in 1720, improved thermometers by using mercury (Hg, 80); invented Fahrenheit temperature scale.
  • Aaron Dexter appointed first professor of chemistry and material medica at newly organized Harvard Medical School in 1783.

May 25

  • Pieter Zeeman, born 1865, studied influence of magnetism on the nature of radiation; discovered splitting of spectral lines (Zeeman Effect), Nobel Prize in Physics (1902).
  • Paul J. Scheuer, born 1915, considered the father of marine natural products chemistry.

May 26

  • Helen Marie Dyer, born 1895, researched chemotherapy; American Chemical Society's Garvan Medal (1962).

May 27

  • Lars F. Nilson, born 1840; in 1879, discovered scandium (Sc, 21).
  • Theodor Curtius, born 1857, researched chemistry of hydrazines and azaides; Curtius rearrangement named in his honor.
  • Kasimir Fajans, born 1887, established radioactive displacement law; initiated concept of heat of hydration of gaseous ions.
  • John C. Bailar, Jr., born 1904, discovered optical inversion; explained stereospecificity in complex inorganic reactions.
  • Mary Fieser, born 1909, researched quinones, natural products, and steroids; coauthored many textbooks on organic chemistry.