Linezolid (trade name Zyvox) is a synthetic antibiotic that was developed by the Upjohn Co. in the late 1990s. It was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2000 and is now one of the top-selling antibiotics in the world. Linezolid is used to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), and other Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria.
Linezolid is relatively safe, but it can cause diarrhea, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Like other antibiotics, its ability to suppress a wide range of bacteria may lead to fungal infections.
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