What molecule am I?
MDMA (short for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a widely used and abused psychoactive drug. Known on the street as “ecstasy”, it is illegal in most countries. It has no established medical uses; but it is available to qualified researchers. As shown in the hazard information table, it is toxic in numerous ways.
MDMA is a water-insoluble viscous oil and therefore difficult to handle. Because of this, it is usually prepared as an aqueous solution of its hydrochloride salt. It is a chiral molecule normally produced as the racemate. The (R)-enantiomer (shown) remains in the body, especially in blood plasma, significantly longer than its (S) counterpart.
A cautionary tale about MDMA occurred in 2013, when Tatsunori Iwamura, a pharmacy professor at Matsuyama University (Japan) allegedly instructed 11 of his students to make the drug. Iwamura has admitted to the act, which was not revealed until April of this year. At this time, the situation is still under investigation.
MDMA hazard information
|GHS classification*: flammable liquids, category 2|
|H225—Highly flammable liquid and vapor|
|GHS classification: acute toxicity, oral, category 3|
|H301—Toxic if swallowed|
|GHS classification: acute toxicity, dermal, category 3|
|H311—Toxic in contact with skin|
|GHS classification: acute toxicity, inhalation, category 3|
|H331—Toxic if inhaled|
|GHS classification: specific target organ toxicity, single exposure, category 1|
|H370—Causes damage to organs|
MDMA fast facts
|CAS Reg. No.||42542-10-9|
|Molar mass||193.25 g/mol|
|Boiling point||105 ºC (0.4 torr)|
Learn more about this molecule from CAS, the most authoritative and comprehensive source for chemical information.
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