Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) identifies hazards based on a job or task. This tool focuses on the relationship between the researcher, the task to be done, the tools needed to complete the task, and the work environment where the task will be performed.
A JHA can be conducted on any laboratory research study. It works well in academic labs to identify potential chemical and physical hazards so corrective and preventative actions or control measures can be implemented to reduce accidents, incidents, and near-misses.
Learn more about factors to assess when identifying hazards and common hazards for research activities.
A well-designed JHA should include:
- Where the hazard is happening (the environment)
- Who or what it's happening to (the exposure)
- What precipitates the hazard (the trigger)
- The outcome that would occur should it happen (the consequence)
- Additional contributing factors (e.g., fatigue, time, weather)
The JHA is a valuable tool to develop and provide consistent training to employees and students by supplying written steps required to safely perform tasks. As with any hazard assessment, JHAs should be periodically reviewed. It is particularly important to review when a near-miss or illness/injury occurs.
Consider holding weekly group meetings to discuss hazards known to exist in current work and surroundings. This is also an opportunity to review accident histories at your institution, and locate related procedures and known problems with the processes or chemicals being used through a literature search. Brainstorming sessions can produce ideas for eliminating or controlling those hazards. These control measures should be incorporated into the JHA.