ACS President: Julius Stieglitz (1867-1938)

Served as President: 1917

As Chemical Advisor to The Chemical Foundation, he ascertained that most synthetic drugs from Germany in the early 1900’s could be dispensed with if a very small number of the most reliable ones were made available.

As a member of the National Research Council he studied hypnotics, novacaine and arspheamine as war problems


  • Ph.D., 1889, University of Berlin, Organic Chemistry

Career Highlights:

  • Toxicological analyst, Parke, Davis & Co., 1890 – 1892
  • Joined faculty, Chemistry, University of Chicago, 1892
  • Professor, Chemistry, University of Chicago, 1905 – 1933
  • Department Chair, Chemistry, University of Chicago, 1915 – 1933
  • Emeritus professor, Chemistry, University of Chicago, 1933 - 1937

Notable Accomplishments:

He was a leader in applying the concepts of electronic theory to the mechanisms of organic reactions

He developed a general theory of indicators and color production in dyes

Following World War I, he was influential in increasing the application of chemistry to medical research

Author of Elements of Qualitative Analysis in 2 volumes, 1911 & 1912. Text made major changes in the qualitative analysis schemes and was widely adopted

Major Awards and Honors:

  • Member, National Academy of Sciences
  • Gibbs Medal, 1923
  • Service to Science:
  • Associate editor, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1912 - 1919
  • Board of editors, ACS Monographs scientific series, 1919 – 1936
  • Wrote “Chemistry in Medicine”, a pamphlet that was widely distributed free through the financial support of Francis Garvan

Did You Know

. . . that though born in Hoboken, NJ, he and his twin brother were taken by their father, who was born in Thuringia, Germany, to Karlsruhe, Germany, to attend the Realgymnasium until 1886?

. . . that before he was 14 he studied the violincello and always retained a great love for music and the opera?

. . . that his older brother Alfred Stieglitz was an eminent photographer