March 30, 2020
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Image of Diethylenetriamine 3D Image of Diethylenetriamine

The three amine groups in diethylenetriamine (DETA) make it water-soluble and basic enough to extract acids from gases and hydrocarbon mixtures. Like most organic amines, it has an ammonia-like odor. Its profound toxicity is illustrated by all the category 1 ratings shown in the hazard information table.

The three nitrogen atoms make DETA an excellent complexing agent for metals such as cobalt, copper, and platinum. Some DETA-based metal complexes can be used to catalyze organic reactions; examples are the oxidation of phenol with hydrogen peroxide and Heck cross-coupling reactions.

Recently, Julien Leclaire at the University of Lyon (France) and colleagues there and at the University of Turin (Italy) showed that the cost of carbon dioxide capture with DETA can be offset by another environmentally beneficial process. The chemists devised a way to selectively remove metal contaminants from water by adding DETA to the aqueous solutions, then bubbling CO2 through the mixture. A series of ligand exchange reactions results in the formation of an insoluble carbonate of the target metal.

The authors demonstrated their technique by removing lanthanum as La2(CO3)3 from a La–Ni mixture and by separating the solubilized metals from a La–Co–Ni battery anode alloy into the individual components with 97% or greater purity. Their aim is to collaborate with metal recyclers to develop and commercialize their technology.

Diethylenetriamine hazard information

Hazard class*Hazard statement
Acute toxicity, oral, category 4H302—Harmful if swallowedChemical Safety Warning
Acute toxicity, dermal, category 4H312—Harmful in contact with skinChemical Safety Warning
Skin corrosion/irritation, category 1BH314—Causes severe skin burns and eye damageChemical Safety Warning
Skin sensitization, category 1H317—May cause an allergic skin reactionChemical Safety Warning
Serious eye damage, category 1H318—Causes serious eye damage Chemical Safety Warning
Acute toxicity, inhalation, category 1H330—Fatal if inhaledChemical Safety Warning
Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure, respiratory tract irritation, category 1H335—May cause respiratory irritationChemical Safety Warning

 *Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals.
Explanation of pictograms.

fast facts

CAS Reg. No.111-40-0
1,2-Ethanediamine, N-(2-aminoethyl)-
Empirical formulaC4H13N3
Molar mass103.17 g/mol
AppearanceColorless to yellow liquid
Boiling point207 ºC
Water solubilityMiscible
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Learn more about this molecule from CAS, the most authoritative and comprehensive source for chemical information.

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