EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac: Wed Jun 19 16:42:00 EDT 2013

Pearly Perfection

Pearls Are Self-Organized Natural Ratchets
Langmuir

The mystery of how pearls form into the most perfectly spherical large objects in nature may have an unlikely explanation, scientists are proposing in a new study. It appears in ACS’ journal Langmuir, named for 1932 Nobel Laureate Irving Langumir.

Julyan Cartwright, Antonio G. Checa and Marthe Rousseau point out that the most flawless and highly prized pearls have perhaps the most perfectly spherical, or ball-like, shape among all the objects in nature that are visible without a microscope. Pearls develop as nacre (mother of pearl) and other liquids accumulate around grains of sand or other foreign objects inside certain oysters and other shellfish. But how do pearls grow into such perfect spheres?

The answer, they say, may be relatively simple — with developing pearls having a saw-toothed, or ratchet-like, surface. That texture generates forces that make the pearl turn inside the oyster’s tissues in response to movements in the environment. The result is a spherical build-up of nacre and other textures. Rotating pearls are a perhaps unique example of a natural ratchet, the scientists say.

The authors acknowledge funding from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion and the European BioMineralix.

Contact

Science Inquiries: Michael Woods, Editor, 202-872-6293
General Inquiries
: Michael Bernstein, 202-872-6042

Developing a ratchet-like surface could explain how pearls grow into such perfect spheres, scientists have found.
Credit: iStockphoto/Thinkstock