What molecule am I?
Coelenterazine is a luciferin—the most prevalent bioluminescent molecule in sea life. It exists in many marine species, from protozoa to fish. Luciferase enzymes cause coelenterazine to oxidize, which triggers the luminescence.
In the mid-1970s, coelenterazine was discovered independently by two research teams: Milton J. Cormier et al. at the University of Georgia (Athens) and Osamu Shimamura and Frank Johnson at Princeton University (NJ). In both cases, the species investigated were in the phylum cnidaria: Renilla reniformis (sea pansy) and Aequorea victoria (crystal jelly). Shimamura was one of the recipients of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Learn more about this molecule from CAS, the most authoritative and comprehensive source for chemical information.