August 07, 2017
My producer reluctantly removed some of me from the market.
What molecule am I?
Image of Oxymorphone 3D Image of Oxymorphone

Oxymorphone is a 60-year-old opioid analgesic. Its structure is that of morphine with the double bond hydrogenated and an additional hydroxyl group that makes it 10 times more potent than morphine.

In 1955, Ulrich Weiss at the New York Botanical Garden (of all places) began a series of articles on new morphine derivatives. In the first article of the series, he described the synthesis of 14-hydroxydihydromorphinone, which later became known as oxymorphone. Weiss went on to publish five more articles on morphine derivatives.

In 1957, a patent on the synthesis was awarded to Weiss and Mozes Juda Lewenstein. (The patent application preceded Weiss’s article.) The patent was assigned to Lewenstein of Endo Pharmaceuticals (New York). Endo began to market the drug in the United States in 1959.

In June of this year, the US Food and Drug Administration, concerned about the widespread abuse of opioids, requested that the manufacturer (now Endo International, based in Dublin, Ireland) withdraw oxymorphone-containing Opana ER from the market. Although Endo formulated the solid pill Opana ER to prevent users from snorting or injecting it, people still figured out ways to abuse the drug.

In July, Endo “voluntarily” removed Opana ER while stressing that the drug is safe and efficacious when used properly.

Oxymorphone fast facts

CAS Reg. No.76-41-5
Molar mass301.34 g/mol
AppearanceWhite crystals
Melting point248–249 °C (dec.)
Water solubility24 g/L
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