Week 10

Week 10: March 5-11 (Archive)

March 5

  • Edouard van Beneden, born 1846, discovered number of chromosomes was constant for a species in all cells except for egg and sperm.

March 6

  • Joseph von Fraunhofer, born 1787, discovered dark lines in solar spectum (Fraunhofer lines).
  • Aleksei E. Favorski, born 1869, researcher in anionic rearrangements of acetylenes and cx-Haloketones.

March 7

  • Antoine-CÉsar Becquerel, born 1788, first to use electrolysis to recover metals from ores (1836).
  • John F. W. Hershel, born 1792, inventor of photography on sensitized paper; introduced terms "positive" and "negative" for photography.
  • John H. Gladstone, born 1827, researcher on refractive index of gases and its relationship with density.
  • Ludwig Mond, born 1839, discovered Mond producer (gas, nickel carbonyl ); cofounded company that became Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) .
  • Arthur Hantzch, born 1857, researcher in organic acids, electrical conductivity of organic compounds, and stereochemistry of nitrogen compounds.

March 8

  • James M. Crafts, born 1839, researcher on production of artificial minerals, pyroelectric phenomena of crystals, ketones & aldehydes; synthesized benzene homologues (Friedel-Crafts reaction).
  • Otto Hahn, born 1879, codiscovered protactinium (Pa, 91); researched nuclear fission (1938), Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1944).
  • Edward C. Kendall, born 1886, isolated thyroxine (1915); Nobel Prize in Medicine (1950).
  • Farrington Daniels, born 1889, teacher of physical chemistry; pioneer in solar technology.

March 9

  • Edward G. Acheson, born 1856, pioneer in development of electric furnace for production of silicon carbide (SiC); prepared graphite lubricants Oildag, Aquadag, and Gredag.
  • Stanley G. Thompson, born 1912; in 1950, codiscovered berkelium (Bk, 97) and californium (Cf, 98); in 1952, codiscovered einsteinium (Es, 99); in 1955, codiscovered fermium (Fm, 100) and medelevium (MD, 101).
  • Walter Kohn, born 1923, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1998).

March 10

  • Jeremias B. Richter, born 1762, discovered law of equivalent proportions.
  • William McMurtie, born 1851, American Chemical Society president; researcher on methods for converting sewage to fertilizer.

March 11

  • Henri E. S. Deville, born 1818, first to prepare pure aluminum; discovered toluene (1841) and anhydrous nitrogen pentoxide (1849).
  • Cato M. Guldberg and Peter Waage presented their paper "Studier over Affiniteten", which described the law of mass action, in 1864.