Week 36

Week 36: Sep. 3 – 9 (Archive)

September 3

September 4

September 5

  • Frederick G. Donnan, born 1870, researcher in theory of membrane equilibria (Donnan Equilibrium); research in chemical kinetics.
  • Jacobus H. van't Hoff completes famous 11-page treatise on the tetrahedral carbon atom in 1874, marking the birth of stereochemistry.
  • Coca Cola Company incorporated in 1892.

September 6

  • John Dalton, born 1766, proposed atomic theory; discovered law of multiple proportions, "Dalton's law of partial pressures" (1801); discovered pressures of saturated vapors of all liquids have same value at boiling point.
  • John J. R. Macleod, born 1876, codiscovered insulin; Nobel Prize in Medicine (1923).
  • Luis J. Leloir, born 1906, isolated glucose 1,6-diphodphate and uridine diphosphate glucose; cosynthesized trehalose (1953) and sucrose (1955); isolated uridine diphosphate acetylglucosamine and guanosine diphosphate mannose; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1970).

September 7

  • Alexandre Butlerov, born 1828, researcher on structural theory of organic chemistry; first to use term chemical structure; synthesized polymer of formaldehyde.
  • F. August KekulÉ, born 1829, conceived ring structure of benzene (1865), described tetravalence of carbon and structural theory of organic chemistry (1858); synthesized acetylene (1864).
  • Viktor Meyer, born 1848, discovered thiophene, oximes, and vapor density method.
  • John W. Cornforth, born 1917, researcher on stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1975).

September 8

  • Derek H. R. Barton, born 1918, conducted research in conformational analysis and free radical reactions; Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1969).
  • First "Star Trek" telecast in 1966.

September 9

  • Aleksandr E. Arbuzov, born 1877, studied organophosphorous compounds and rearrangement of phosphite esters (Michael-Arbuzov reaction).
  • Westinghouse laboratories announced discovery of konel, a cobalt-nickel alloy in 1929.
  • Albert Ghiorso and Glenn T. Seaborg announced discovery of element 106 at University of California, Berkeley, in 1974.