Lesson 4.1: Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
- A hydrogen atom has one proton as the nucleus and one electron in the region outside the nucleus.
- The electron and proton are attracted to each other. This attraction holds the atom together.
- It is not possible to locate the exact position of an electron, but the electron cloud shows the region where an electron is most likely to be.
Charged Plastic and Hand
- When the plastic strip is rubbed on the skin, electrons from the skin are transferred to the plastic giving the plastic a negative charge.
- When the plastic is moved near the desk, electrons in the desk are repelled by the negatively charged plastic.
- This leaves an area of positive charge in the desk near the plastic.
- The negative plastic and the positive area of the desk attract.
Balloon and Water
- When the balloon is rubbed on hair or clothes, electrons move onto the balloon giving it a negative charge.
- When the negatively charged balloon is brought near the water, electrons are repelled and move away from the balloon, leaving a positive area of the water near the balloon.
- The negatively charged balloon and the positive area of the water attract.